Sunday, 22 June 2014


M[OYSHE] ALTSHULER (1887-1969)
He was born in Bobr, Molev (Mogilev) Province [now in Belarus].  He was a Soviet Yiddish linguist, writer, and translator.  Biographical information is lacking.  His works include: Gekasherte neshomes (vegn kheyder) (Koshered souls, on religious primary school) (Kharkov: Central Committee of the Communist Youth Association in Ukraine, 1922), 32 pp.; Hagode far gloyber un apikorsim (Haggadah for believers and heretics), two printings (Moscow, 1927), 24 pp.; F. s. s. r. (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), a conversation on the train to be read in clubs and in the home (Moscow, n.d.), 64 pp.; Anti-religyezer lernbukh (Anti-religious reader) (Moscow, 1929), 239 pp.; a second “improved and complementary” printing of the same book was published by Emes in Moscow in 1932, entitled On a got (Without a God), 252 pp.; Vi azoy darf men firn antireligyeze propaganda (How to conduct anti-religious propaganda) (Moscow: Tsentr Publ., 1929), 24 pp.; Komsomolishe hagode (Communist Youth Haggadah) (Kharkov, 1930?), 18 pp.; Shabes, yomtev un roshkhoydesh (Sabbath, holiday, and beginning of the month) (Moscow: Emes, 1947), 86 pp.  In 1948 his book, Guf un neshome (Body and soul), was published.  He was a member of the editorial boards of Der apikoyres (The heretic) (Moscow, 1931-1935) and of Yunge gvardye (Young guard).  In 1934 he contributed to Emes (Truth) in Moscow and to Afn shprakhfront (On the language front), a collection, in Kiev (1935).  From Lenin’s works, he translated Ershte revolutsye, 1905-1907 (Pervaia Revoliutsiia, 1905-1907 = The first revolution, 1905-1907), vol. 1 (Moscow, 1925), 302 pp., vol. 2 (Moscow, 1927), 314 pp.; and Tsvey taktikes fun der sotsyal-demoktratikye un der demokratishe revolutsye ( = Two tactics in social democracy and the democratic revolution) (Moscow, 1940), 134 pp.

Sources: Sh. Dimantshteyn, Foreword to Altshuler’s Anti-religyezer lernbukh; N. Rubenshteyn, “Di bikher, produktsye af yidish in sov. farb. in 1932” (Books, produced in Yiddish in the USSR in 1932), Afn visnshaftlekhn front (On the scientific front) (Minsk, 1933).


  1. Hagode far gloyber un apikorsim (Haggadah for believers and heretics) was illustrated by a famous Jewish artist Aleksandr Tishler (Тышлер, Александр Григорьевич 1898-1980).- Moscow, 1927
    האגאדע פאר גלױבער און אפיקארסים
    מ. אלטשולער ; הילע און צײכנונגען פון קינסטלער א. טישלער
    צװײטע אױסגעבעסערטע אױפלאגע
    מאסקװע : צענטראלער פעלקער-פארלאג פון פססר

  2. M. ALTSHULER was the author of the first part of Komyugishe politshmuesn :lernbukh far komyugishe politshuln in dray heftn (YCL political talks : anthology for YCL political schools in 3 parts).- MoskveTsentraler felker-farlag fun FSSR, 1929-1930
    קאמיוגישע פאליטשמועסן
    לערנבוך פאר קאמיוגישע פאליטשולן אין דרײ העפטן
    אונטער דער רעדאקציע פון ש. דימאנשטײן
    מאסקװע : צענטראלער פעלקער-פארלאג פון פססר

    ערשטער העפט
    מ. אלטשולער
    72 pp.