Pseudonym of R. Angel. He lived in New York and was the author of Natur un lebn (Nature and life) (New York, 1935), 439 pp. According the book’s foreword, one can see that the author was originally from Russia. His book is divided into: (a) “Nature and Life”; and (b) “Religion.” At the end there is something of an apology. The author gives “a survey of Jewish folk history” and argued against the work of B. Feygenboym and Dr. Sh. Bergfeld. According to private information, the author was self-employed as a Hebrew teacher, and he wrote his book over the course of twenty years.