Tuesday 1 September 2015


            He was born in Vadevits (Wadowice), western Galicia.  In his school years, he stood with the socialist movement and as a consequence was expelled from high school.  He later continued his studies and received his doctorate in law.  In 1905 he was one of the founders of the Jewish Social Democratic Party in Galicia.  Over the years 1915-1918, he served in the Austrian army, returning afterward to Cracow where he was active in the general labor movement, as well as being one of the founders of the municipal workers’ council.  During the Polish-Soviet war, he was imprisoned.  He practiced law in Bielice, Polish Silesia, over the years 1921-1939.  He was a deputy for a period of time in the Silesian parliament.  He contributed and for a time edited Sotsyal demokrat (Social democrat) in Cracow (1905-1914).  During WWII he escaped to Lemberg, and from there he was exiled to Siberia.  Severely ill, in 1941 he was freed in an amnesty for former Polish citizens.  However, he later died of hunger in Bukhara.

Source: M. Aleksandrovitsh, Doyres bundistn (Generations of Bundists), vol. 1 (New York, 1946), pp. 204-5.

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