Monday, 28 September 2015


MOTL GRUBYAN (1909-February 9, 1972)
            He was a Soviet Yiddish poet, born in the town of Sokolivka, Ukraine.  In 1938 he graduated from the literature faculty at the pedagogical institute in Minsk.  He debuted in print in 1930 in Zay greyt (Get ready) in Kharkov.  With the outbreak of the Soviet-Nazi war in 1941, he left for the front and was wounded three times.  He participated in the Battle of Stalingrad.  Among his books: Fun keler af der zun, lider (From the cellar to the sun, poems) (Minsk, 1935), 79 pp.; Lirik (Lyric) (Minsk, 1940), 60 pp.; Gezang vegn mut (Song for courage) (Moscow, 1947), 144 pp.  “In Grubyan’s book [Gezang vegn mut],” wrote Rivke Rubin, “there are a fair number of poems with tragic motifs concerning the extermination of the Jewish population during the German occupation….  The largest number of poems are linked by a lyrical image—with the ordinary folk.”  He also published: Umruiker vint, geklibene lider (Un settled wind, collected poetry) (Moscow: Sovetski pisatel, 1970), 214 pp.  His work was included in: Tsum zig (To victory) (Moscow, 1944); and Bafrayte brider, literarishe zamlung (Liberated brethren, literary anthology) (Minsk, 1939).  He was living until his death in Moscow.

Sources: Y. Nusinov, in Eynikeyt (Moscow) (August 5, 1942); M. Notovitsh, in Eynikeyt (October 28, 1943); U. P., in Eynikeyt (February 19, 1944); A. Kushnirov, in Eynikeyt (May 26, 1945); Rivke Rubin, in Eynikeyt (June 10, 1948); H. Vaynraykh, Blut af der zun (Blood on the sun) (Brooklyn, 1950), pp. 10-11; N. Y. Gotlib, in Tsukunft (New York) (May 1951); Moyshe Kats, in Morgn frayhayt (New York) (May 26, 1957).

[Additional information from: Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 174.]

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