Friday 12 June 2015


SOLOMON GOLUB (February 27, 1887-June 17, 1952)
            His Jewish given name was Shloyme-Zalmen.  He was born in Dubeln (Dobele), near Riga, into a musical family.  His father led services in synagogue, and his mother was a great lover of Elikum Tzunzer’s repertoire and classical German Lieder; she sang in Riga with the famous Cantor Rozovski.  He studied music and song.  In 1906 he emigrated to the United States, where he continued his studies.  From 1915 he wrote (under the pseudonyms Zalmen Yoyne and S. Toyb) articles on music for: Der idisher kunst-fraynd (The friend of Jewish art), edited by K. Marmor; Idishe arbayter velt (Jewish workers’ world), Obend-post (Evening newspaper), Tsukunft (Future), Tsayt (Time), Tog (Day), Renesans (Renaissance), and Tealit, teater un literatur (Tealit, theater and literature).  He composed music for dozens of Yiddish and Hebrew poems.  He was active in the Jewish Singers’ Association and in the movement to found a conservatory in Palestine.  He earned a great deal of money by popularizing and developing Yiddish song in America.  Among his books: Di neshome fun unzer gezang (The soul of our song) (New York, n.d.); Geklibene yidishe lider (Collected Yiddish songs) (New York, 1928); Der bekher (The goblet), word by Sh. Frug (New York, 1929); Idishe lider (New York, 1936)—all with notation.

Sources: Zalmen Reyzen, Leksikon, vol. 1; Y. Entin, in Tsayt (October 25, 1920); L. Lyon, in Tsayt (May 28, 1921); N. Kaplan, in Tsayt (November 22, 1921); Y. P. Kats, in Oyfkum (New York) (June-July 1929); F. Vyernik, in Morgn-zhurnal (New York) (January 22, 1933).

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