Friday, 12 July 2019

FUME (FAYVL) SHAMES


FUME (FAYVL) SHAMES (1901-1971)
            He was born in Zhitomir and lived there in the 1920s, while also active in Kiev Yiddish literary circles.  In 1924 he graduated from the socio-economic faculty of the Volhynian institute for people’s education in his hometown.  He was a teacher in various school in Zhitomir: 1921-1923, a teacher in the technical school, 1924-1928 in a pedagogical technical school, and 1928-1941 in the pedagogical institute.  He was also (1932-1940) a guest lecturer in the Kiev pedagogical institute.  In 1940 he defended a dissertation and became a candidate in philological science.  At the start of WWII, he was evacuated to Uzbekistan and lectured (1941-1944) in the department of the theory and history of Russian literature in the Andijan teachers’ institute.  He lived in Moscow (1944-1946) and was a senior scholarly contributor and administrator in a sector of the state’s literary museum.  In 1946 he moved to Ivanova, where until 1965 he worked in the Ivanova pedagogical institute.  Together with Dovid Hofshteyn, he wrote and carried out jointly literary projects, and he published books and literary critical articles in: Royte velt (Red world) 9 (1926), 8-9 (1927); Shtern (Star) 7-10 (1926); Di yidishe shprakh (The Yiddish language) 7 (1927); and Prolit (Proletarian literature); among other serials.  He co-authored a series of textbooks on literature: Literatur-kentenish, poetik (Knowledge of literature, poetics), with Dovid Hofshteyn (Moscow: Central Publ., 1928), part 1; Teorye fun literatur, poetik (Theory of literature, poetics), with Hofshteyn (Kharkov: Ukrainian State Publ., 1930), 222 pp.; Hantbukh far yidisher literatur (Handbook for Yiddish literature), with Oyzer Holdes (Kharkov: Central Publ., 1931), 320 pp.; Shprakh un literatur (Language and literature), with Yitskhok Rodak, Khayim Loytsker, M. Gelbman, and Oyzer Holdes (Kharkov: Central Publ., 1931), unpaginated; Literatur khrestomatye farn 7tn lernyor fun der politekhnisher shul (Literature reader for the seventh school year in the polytechnical school), with Holdes (Kharkov-Kiev: USSR state publishers for national minorities, 1933), 343 pp., second printing (1934); Literatur, lernbukh farn 7tn klas (Literature, textbook for the seventh class), with Holdes (Kharkov-Kiev: USSR state publishers for national minorities, 1935), 122 pp., second printing (1936); Lernbukh af literatur farn 7tn klas (Textbook for literature for the seventh class) (Kharkov-Kiev: USSR state publishers for national minorities, 1935), 322 pp.; Literatur lernbukh farn VII klas (Literature textbook for the seventh class), with Avrom Abtshuk and Holdes (Kharkov-Kiev: USSR state publishers for national minorities, 1934), 232 pp.

Source: Chone Shmeruk, comp., Pirsumim yehudiim babrit-hamoatsot, 1917-1961 (Jewish publications in the Soviet Union, 1917-1961) (Jerusalem, 1962), see index.
Dovid-Noyekh Miller

[Additional information from: Chaim Beider, Leksikon fun yidishe shrayber in ratn-farband (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers in the Soviet Union), ed. Boris Sandler and Gennady Estraikh (New York: Congress for Jewish Culture, Inc., 2011), pp. 372-73.]


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