YISROEL MILEYKOVSKI (1887-January 18, 1943)
He was born in Warsaw, Poland. He received both a Jewish and a general education. He studied medicine at the Universities of Berlin and Warsaw. He received his medical degree in 1914, and from 1918 he was practicing in Warsaw. He was active in the Jewish Folks-partey, in the People’s University, and in Toz (Towarzystwo Ochrony Zdrowia [Society for the protection of health]), among other institutions. Over the years 1935-1937, he served as president of the Jewish doctors’ association of Poland. He published medical articles, 1923-1930, in Moment (Moment) and later in Unzer ekspres (Our express)—in Warsaw. He contributed as well to: Bikher-velt (Book world) in Warsaw (1922-1928) and to Folks-gezunt (People’s health) in Vilna, among other serials. He was confined in the Warsaw Ghetto, where he served as director of “Evidence” to the sanitary and health divisions of the Judenrat (Jewish council) in the fight against contagious diseases in the ghetto. At the time of the January Aktion (1943), on the road to Treblinka to his death, he swallowed potassium cyanide in the train and died.
Sources: Bikher-velt (Warsaw) 3 (1923); Dr. H. Zaydman, Togbukh fun varshever geto (Diary from the Warsaw Ghetto) (Buenos Aires, 1947), see index; Yonas Turkov, Azoy iz es geven (That’s how it was) (Buenos Aires, 1948), pp. 48, 56, 73; M. Flakser, in Fun noentn over (New York) 3 (1957), p. 379; Dr. E. Ringelblum, Ksovim fun geto (Writings from the ghetto) (Warsaw, 1961), see index; M. Vaykhert, Yidishe aleynhilf (Jewish self-help) (Tel Aviv, 1962), pp. 13, 238; following materials from Yidishe mediker in poyln, 1939-1945 (Jewish doctors in Poland, 1939-1945) (New York, 1963), see index.
Khayim Leyb Fuks