Thursday 5 March 2015


HINDE BERGNER (October 10, 1870-1942)
She was born in Radymno, Galicia, to Yoysef and Blume Rozenblat; and she was the mother of the painter Moyshe Harari and the Yiddish writers Melech Ravitch and Herts Bergner.  She graduated from public school, married early, and bore three children.  At the age of sixty-seven, she began writing her family memoirs: In di lange vinternekht, mishpokhe-zikhroynes fun a shtetl in galitsye, 1870-1900 (In the long winter nights, family memoirs from a town in Galicia, 1870-1900), published by her sons with a foreword by Melech Ravitch and Herts Bergner (Montreal, 1946).  In her intimate family chronicle, there are a great number of images from the way of life in Galicia at the end of the nineteenth century.  The book is an important contribution to the artistic memoir literature.  In 1939, when the Nazis entered the town of Radymno, she took refuge on the Soviet side of western Ukraine.  For a time she was in Rava-Ruska, Przemyśl, and (until 1942) in a small place known as Przemyślany, near Lemberg.  From August 1942, nothing further was heard from her.  Posthumously, Arye Aḥaroni published a translation into Hebrew of In di lange vinternekht as: Belelot haoref haarukim, zikhronot mishpaa meayara begalitsya (Tel Aviv: Am oved, 1982), 108 pp.

Sources: Shmuel Niger, in Der tog (March 2, 1947); M. Gliksberg, in Tsukunft (November 1950); Grigori Aronson, in Tsukunft (January 1950); N. Y. Gotlib, in Keneder odler (July 19, 1946).

[Additional information from: Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 103.]

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