Sunday 25 November 2018


            He was born in Lodz Balut, Poland, into a laboring family.  He studied in religious elementary school and yeshiva.  In 1892 he left for Berlin where he completed a doctoral degree in Oriental studies and philology.  He was initiator and for a time the censor of and contributor to the Yiddish press in Lodz and Warsaw: Folksblat (People’s newspaper) in Lodz (1915-1918); Varshever tageblat (Warsaw daily newspaper) (1916-1918) in which, among other items, he published “Moker fun yidish” (Origins of Yiddish).  He was the author of a Yiddish appeal, “Tsu di yidn in poyln” (To the Jews of Poland), which was thrown from airplanes in the first weeks of the war in 1914.  He authored a series of scholarly works in German: Der babylonische Talmud (The Babylonian Talmud), 2 vols; and Salomon Maimons Lebensgeschichte (Solomon Maimon’s biography) (Munich, 1911), 518 pp.; among others.  For many years he served as a cultural leader for the Berlin Jewish community and editor of its publications.  He was killed in the years of the Nazi occupation of Poland.

Sources: Folksblat (Lodz) (Jul4, 1918); Jüdisches Lexikon (Jewish biographical dictionary) (Berlin, 1928); information from Dr. M. Weinreich in New York.
Khayim Leyb Fuks

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