TSVI-SIMKHE (HERMAN) LEDER (November 25, 1890-February 28, 1973)
He was born in Reyshe (Rzeszów), eastern Galicia. Until age seventeen he studied in yeshivas, thereafter turning his attention to secular subject matter. He was an active member of Ḥoveve-tsiyon (Lovers of Zion) groups. In 1910 he studied journalism and foreign languages in Vienna. In 1913 he came to the United States and lived in New York, where he worked during the day and studied at night. In 1930 he settled in Washington, D. C., and began to write articles in The Washington Post. In 1932 he became a co-editor of Columbia News and correspondent for the Central European International News Service and for Vienna’s Illustrirte Zeitung (Illustrated newspaper). In 1941 he became a contributor to the Associated Press Syndicate in Washington. He also placed pieces in Ilustrirte literarishe bleter (Illustrated literary leaves) in Buenos Aires. He authored a volume of memoirs: Reysher yidn (Rzeszów Jews) (Washington, 1953), 297 pp. This work includes numerous pictures of Jewish life in Galicia from the past, descriptions of types from the recent Jewish past, and depictions of rabbis, rebbes, and also fervent Hassidim. Leder died in Washington, D. C.
Sources: F. Berman, in Forverts (New York) (August 9, 1953); Moyshe Shtarkman, in Congress Weekly (New York) (December 1953); Dr. Shloyme Bikl, in Tog (New York) (January 9, 1954); M. Knapheys, in Ilustrirte literarishe bleter (Buenos Aires) (May 1954); Y. L. Gruzman, in Der shpigl (Buenos Aires) (October 1954); Talush, in Der amerikaner (New York) (December 31, 1954); D. Zakai, in Davar (Tel Aviv) (March 3, 1955); M. Grosman, in Haynt (Tel Aviv) (May 20, 1955); Y. Paner, in Letste nayes (Tel Aviv) (June 13, 1955); Y. Shtshavinski, in Keneder odler (Montreal) (December 12, 1960); H. Shishler, in Keneder odler (March 26, 1961); Shishler, in Di shtime (Mexico City) (January 27, 1962).