Tuesday, 18 September 2018

(MORTKHE) GERSHON FOGEL


(MORTKHE) GERSHON FOGEL (b. June 28, 1915)
            He was born in Krushnevits, Kutne district, Poland.  He was orphaned at age one.  Until age fifteen he studied in yeshiva, later becoming a laborer; from 1934 until WWII he was active in the Jewish labor movement in Lodz, later in the ghetto there where he was active in the underground work.  He organized strikes, penned call-outs, and contributed work to Untererdishe byuletinen (Underground bulletins).  He spent 1944-1945 in Auschwitz and German concentration camps.  He later lived in Lodz until 1949.  He began writing for: Der holts-arbeter (The lumber worker) and Der boy-arbeter (The construction worker) in Lodz in 1936.  He subsequently placed work in Folkstsaytung (People’s newspaper) and Foroys (Onward) in Warsaw.  Over the years 1945-1948, he published articles in: Dos naye lebn (The new life) in Lodz; Folkstsaytung and Głos Bundu (Voice of the Bund), also serving as co-editor of the latter, in Warsaw; Tsukunft (Future), Forverts (Forward), Tog (Day), Tog-morgn-zhurnal (Day-morning journal), and Mir zaynen do (We are here), among others, in New York; and Keneder odler (Canadian eagle) in Montreal; among others.  He was last living in New York.

Sources: Y. Pat, Ash un fayer (Ash and fire) (New York, 1946), pp. 51-55; Y. Sh. Herts, Di geshikhte fun bund in lodz (The history of the Bund in Lodz) (New York, 1958), see index; A. V. Yasni, Geshikhte fun yidn in lodzh in di yorn fun daytsher oysratung (History of the Jews in Lodz in the years of the German extermination) (Tel Aviv, 1960), see index; Kh. Liberman, in Forverts (New York) (February 10, 1961; April 22, 1963); Yankev Glatshteyn, in Tog-morgn-zhurnal (New York) (August 19, 1966).
Khayim Leyb Fuks


MEYLEKH FOGEL


MEYLEKH FOGEL (1898-September 17, 1939)
            He was born in Bzhezhin (Brzeziny), near Lodz, Poland.  Until age twelve he attended religious primary school, later working in tailoring.  He was active in party work for the left Labor Zionists from 1921, with interruptions, while living in Warsaw.  He was a poet of the people and a storyteller.  A lover of Yiddish literature, from his meagre earnings he made his way through the writings of the Lodz poetry group.  From 1923 he was publishing poems, sketches, and “types of the people” in: Lodzer tageblat (Lodz daily newspaper), Folksblat (People’s newspaper), Feld (Field), Vegn (Pathways), and Shevln (Thresholds), among others, in Lodz; and Keneder odler (Canadian eagle) in Montreal; among others.  Over the years 1925-1938, he brought out an assortment of local Brzeziny poems, twenty-four pages each—one of them “A shnayder-lid” (A tailor’s poem) was included in the Bzhezhin yizker-bukh (Brzeziny remembrance volume) (New York, 1961).  He had prepared for publication a book of folktales and poetry which should have appeared in 1939, but due to the war never was published.  He was killed during the German bombardment of Brzeziny.

Sources: Biblyografishe yorbikher fun yivo (Bibliographic yearbooks from YIVO) (Warsaw, 1928), see index; Khayim Leyb Fuks, in Fun noentn over (New York) 3 (1957), p. 234; Bzhezhin yizker-bukh (Brzeziny remembrance volume) (New York, 1961), pp. 152-53.
Khayim Leyb Fuks


Monday, 17 September 2018

Y. K. FOGEL


Y. K. FOGEL (b. 1907)
            He was born in Warsaw, Poland, and graduated from a secular Jewish school.  Until 1936 he lived in Warsaw.  He was a cofounder of the literary group “Yungvelt” (Young world) and contributed to the leftist legal and illegal Yiddish press in Poland.  Due to police repression, he left for Paris.  He was a cultural activist, mainly on the issues of the Jewish school.  He published articles in: Arbeter vort (Workers’ word) and Unzer vort (Our word), among other serials, in Paris.  Among his translations, there appeared in print: Romain Rolland, Mahatma gandi (Mahatma Gandhi [original: Mahâtmâ Gandhi], with L. Goldin (Warsaw: Kultur-lige, 1927), 166 pp.; Julian Borchardt, Vi azoy dertsien kinder on a kantshik (How to educate children without a whip [original: Wie sollen wir unsere Kinder ohne Prügel erziehen? (How shall we educate children without a thrashing?)]), with L. Vaynapel (Warsaw, 1930), 83 pp.  He was last living in Paris, an employee in a travel bureau.

Sources: See the biographies of Leybl Goldin and Leyzer Vaynapel in Leksikon fun der yidisher literatur (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish literature), translated, respectively, at: http://yleksikon.blogspot.com/2015/05/leybl-goldin.html and http://yleksikon.blogspot.com/2016/05/leyzer-vaynapel.html; Y. Rapoport, in Literarishe bleter (Warsaw) 96 (1924); Biblyografye fun yidishe bikher vegn khurbn un gvure (Bibliography of Yiddish books concerning the Holocaust and heroism) (New York, 1962), see index.
Khayim Leyb Fuks


YISROEL FOGEL


YISROEL FOGEL (b. June 10, 1912)
            The adopted name of Yisroel (Americanized as Irving) Fogelfanger, he was born in Bród (Brody), eastern Galicia, Poland.  He received a traditional education in his father’s religious elementary school.  From 1917 until 1921, he lived with his parents in Vienna.  In 1923 he moved with his mother and other children to join his father in the United States.  There he attended high school, the New School of Social Research, and the State College of New York.  He edited the labor page of Forverts (Forward) in New York.  He wrote frequently about labor issues and about events in the labor movement.

Sources: Y. Shmulevitsh, in Forverts (New York) (October 9, 1960); Arbeter-ring boyer un tuer (Builders and leaders of the Workmen’s Circle), ed. Y. Yeshurin and Y. Sh. Herts (New York, 1962), p. 305.
Yankev Kahan


YITSKHOK FOGEL


YITSKHOK FOGEL (1912-1973)
            He was born in Pinsk.  He moved at a very young age in 1921 to Canada and attended the Montreal Jewish Public School.  He also studied at the New York Jewish teachers’ seminary.  While a student in public schools, he published in Bliende tsveygelekh (Blooming twigs) in 1923 a poem—“Der shoymer” (The guard)—which was a huge success.  His most important poem was “Di fisher fun tshernov” (The fisherman from Tshernov), Folks-shul-bukh (Public school book) (1929); in it he shows the influence of Kulbak and of Avrom Reyzen.  He died in Paterson, New Jersey.  Further information remains unknown.

Source: Kh. M. Kayzerman-Vital, Idishe dikhter in kanade (Yiddish poets in Canada) (Montreal, 1934), pp. 217, 219.
Yankev Kahan


YOYSEF FOGEL


YOYSEF FOGEL (b. 1915)
            He was born in Drohobitsh (Drohobycz).  He received a Jewish and general education.  Until WWII he was active in the Jewish section of the Community Party in Poland.  Until 1947 he lived in Russia, from 1948 in the state of Israel.  He was an active leader in the Mapam (United Workers’ Party) movement, as well as a speaker and lecturer.  His journalistic work began in 1934 in the legal and illegal leftist Yiddish press in Galicia, and he later contributed articles, stories, memoirs, essays, and book reviews to: Fray yisroel (Free Israel), Kol haam (Voice of the people), Yisroel shtime (Voice of Israel), Lebns-fragn (Life issues), Yidishe tsaytung (Jewish newspaper), Al hamishmar (On guard), Amot (Foundations), and Derekhim ḥadashim (New pathways)—in Israel; Unzer eynikeyt (Our unity) in Paris; Morgn-frayhayt (Morning freedom) in New York; and Vokhnblat (Weekly newspaper) in Toronto, among others.  He also published under such pen names as Ben-Ami.  He was last living in Tel Aviv.
Khayim Leyb Fuks


YUDE-LEYB FOGEL


YUDE-LEYB FOGEL (b. latter half 19th century)
            He was probably born in Berdichev.  He belonged with Moyshe Kleynman to the Berdichev association “Bene-tsiyon” (Children of Zion), which worked on behalf of the settlement in the land of Israel.  To that goal, he and M. Kleynman, under pen names, edited (ca. 1900) a series of Zionist pamphlets and notebooks, to which Sholem-Aleichem and Dr. Mandlshtam, among others, also contributed.  Separately, Fogel also published (using the same pen name) Yidish blut a refue, un biz vanen veln yidn in goles? (Jewish blood a remedy, and how long will Jew be in exile?) (Berdichev, 1898), 31 pp.  Further information remains unknown.

Source: Yaakov Tsuzmer, Beikve hador (In the footprints of a generation) (New York, 1957), pp. 63, 64.
Yankev Kahan