YOYNE PRUZHINOVSKI (1906-Seotember 8, 1939)
He was born in Lodz, Poland, into a wealthy family. He graduated from the Department of Psychology of Warsaw University. Until 1937 he was active in the Communist movement and was the leader of the Freethinkers’ League in Poland. With the Moscow show trials, he ceased political activities and turned to translating into Yiddish the works of Freud, Adler, and Jung, and published works about them in: Lodzher tageblat (Lodz daily newspaper), Nayer folksblat (New people’s newspaper) in Lodz, and a series entitled “Khaloymes un zeyer basheyd” (Dreams and their explication) over the years 1938-1939 in Unzer ekspres (Our express) in Warsaw. He also contributed poems and essays to: Literarishe horizontn (Literary horizons), Der fraydenker (The freethinker) of which he was co-editor, Literarishe tribune (Literary tribune), and Literarishe bleter (Literary leaves), among others. He translated from the German original: A. Varels (?), Dos geshlekhts-problem (The problem of sex) (Warsaw, 1927), which was published in pamphlets. He also wrote under the pen names: Alyek Yulyus and Lambrozer. He was killed during the bombing of a German airplane on the road from Nayshtetl (Nowe Miasto) to Amshinov (Mszczonów).
Sources: Biblyografishe yorbikher fun yivo (Bibliographic yearbooks from YIVO) (Warsaw, 1928), see index; Khayim Leyb Fuks, in Fun noentn over (New York) 3 (1957), see index.
Khayim Leyb Fuks