Wednesday, 10 May 2017


            He came from southern Russia.  After completing high school, he joined the revolutionary movement.  He was arrested in 1883, and in 1896 he went abroad and until 1903 worked (using the name Adolf Levitsi) as a journalist for the German socialist press, later returning illegally to Russia and becoming active in the party of the Socialist Revolutionaries.  He was then arrested once again, but as a Greek citizen (according to a false passport), he was exiled from Russia, and he settled in Berlin where he was active in “non-partisan circles of revolutionaries,” writing proclamations and pamphlets for all revolutionary organizations in Russia.  He approached the Bund, 1905-1906, and published articles in Evreiskii rabochi (Jewish labor) in St. Petersburg (1905) and Veker (Alarm) in Vilna (1905-1906).  He authored a booklet in Russian on the first Duma (1906)[1]; and Di revolutsye in england (The revolution in England) (Vilna: Di velt, 1907), 77 pp., using the name N. Dobrov.  In 1907 he left for Finland and stood close to the Bolshevik faction of the Russian social democrats.  He died in Berlin.

Sources: Frants Shmidt (Kurski), in Tsukunft (New York) (December 1921), pp. 704-7; Zalmen Reyzen, Psevdonimen in der yidisher literatur (Pseudonyms in Yiddish literature) (Vilna, 1939), p. 14.
Khayim Leyb Fuks

[1] Probably: Rossiiskii parlament i taktika proletariata (The Russian parliament and tactics of the proletariat) (Geneva, 1906), 70 pp. (JAF)

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