AVROM-KHAYIM MURAVTSHIK (September 1880-April 7, 1950)
He was born in Kiev, Ukraine. He received a traditional Jewish education and later graduated from a Russian high school in Kiev. He arrived in the United States in 1905 and settled in New York. He studied sociology at Columbia University. He was active in the Socialist Party and in the Jewish socialist and trade union movement. He wrote (using as well the pen names Roman and Bushis) articles and essays on economic issues in Louis Miller’s Varhayt (Truth); Di tsayt (The times); the quarterly Far sotsyaler visnshaft un kultur (For social science and culture) in New York (1916); Foroys (Onward), organ of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers’ Union (in Yiddish and English); Gerekhtikeyt (Justice), organ of the “International” [the ILGWU]; among others. From 1922 he worked as a proofreader for Forverts (Forward) in New York, in which he published at times articles on economic and financial issues, domestic and foreign business, and the like. He was the husband of Rokhl Muravtshik. He died in New York.
Sources: Der buletin (The bulletin) of the typesetters of the Forverts (New York) (May 1950); Arbeter ring, boyer un tuer (Workmen’s Circle, builders and leaders) (New York, 1962), p. 236; obituary notices in the Yiddish press in New York; H. J. Alderman, in Jewish Book Annual 10.