Thursday 29 January 2015


TSIPORE BIRMAN (d. in the Bialystok ghetto in 1943)
She was born in Vilna.  After the invasion of Hitler’s armies, she surreptitiously made her way to Bialystok together with other members of the pioneer group Dror (Freedom), founded the settlement of Tel-Ḥai (Mound of life), and began to organize attacks on the Germans.  In the Bialystok ghetto, she wrote Di geshikhte fun dem kibets tel-khai (The history of the Tel-Ḥai kibbutz) and of the wrestling with ideas with which they were concerned at the time.  She also wrote a work entitled Geto-byalistok (Bialystok ghetto) and other notes that have been preserved in the Jewish Historical Archive in Warsaw.

Sources: B. Mark, Der oyfshtand in byalistoker geto (The uprising in the Bialystok ghetto) (Warsaw, 1954); B. Mark, Umgekumene shrayber fun di getos un lagern (Murdered writers from the ghettos and camps) (Warsaw, 1954).

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