SHLOYME-DOVID FOGELSON (1870s-July 23, 1920)
He was born in Vitebsk, Byelorussia. He received a traditional education. He also studied Russian, French, German, and English. He later made his way to Johannesburg, South Africa, and there he became a pioneer of the Yiddish press in Transvaal. Together with B. Berman, he published (1896-1897) Di afrikanishe idishe gazeten (The African Jewish gazette). In 1898 he founded his own newspaper Der ekspres (The express) which existed for about a year. In 1911 he brought out the weekly Der afrikaner (The African). As a bonus to the weekly, he published the collection Fraye baylage (Free supplement)—among the most serious Yiddish publications in South Africa, and he was set to bring into existence a quarterly journal of a purely literary character, though his death destroyed the plan. He also edited a Yiddish supplement to the official organ of the Unionist Progressive Monthly, which appeared in print in Johannesburg on the eve of the elections in 1910. By profession a bookkeeper, he contributed his own earnings to keep the newspaper afloat. He died in Johannesburg.
Sources: Zalmen Reyzen, Leksikon, vol. 3; Leybl Feldman, Yidn in dorem-afrike (Jews in South Africa) (Johannesburg-Vilna, 1937); Di yidn fun yohanesburg (The Jews of Johannesburg) (September 1951; June 1953); Di yidn fun yohanesburg (1956), pp. 216-37; Y. M. Sherman, in Fir redaktorn un zeyer tsaytung (Four editors and their newspaper) (Johannesburg) (November 1948).