Sunday 24 February 2019


SHIYE KAPLAN (1879-July 24, 1941)
            He was born in Pechishche, near Babruysk, Byelorussia.  He was the father of Yisroel Kaplan and came from Chabad family.  He studied in yeshivas and received ordination into the rabbinate.  In 1913 he became a rabbi in Warsaw.  From 1919 he was rabbi in the Lithuanian communities of Kruki (Kriukai) and Suvenishok (Suvainiškis), and from 1926 in Viduklė, where he was murdered with the community.  He was the author of religious texts, one of them in Yiddish: Likute shoshanim (A bunch of roses) (Kaidan, 1938), 37 pp.  At the advice of the Chofets Chaim, he prepared an abridged Yiddish version of his work Mayene hayeshua (The springs of salvation) and in 1909 published in the form of a large placard to be pasted or attached to a backboard and entitled Kuntres mayene hayeshua (Pamphlet, the springs of salvation); for many years it hung in schools in the Jewish communities in Tsarist Russia.  He died in Viduklė, Lithuania.

Sources: Information from Yisroel Kaplan; N. Goren, ed., Yahadut lita (Jews of Lithuania), vol. 3 (Tel Aviv, 1967), pp. 84-86.
Ruvn Goldberg

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