Sunday, 10 February 2019


AVROM KANTOR (b. July 27, 1886)
            He was a journalist and translator, born in Dubrove (Dubrowo), Grodno district.  He studied in Bialystok and Vilna yeshivas.  Early on he worked as a typesetter and joined the revolutionary movement.  He fled from Russia and studied in Beirut (Lebanon) and later in Constantinople.  For a short time, he lived in the land of Israel, later in London.  From 1911 he was writing for Arbayter fraynd (Workers’ friend) in London and Fraye arbeter shtime (Free voice of labor) in New York.  After the February 1917 Revolution, he worked for a number of foreign émigré organizations, among them the Russian Delegate Committee in London which took up the job of seeing that Russian political émigrés be able to return to Russia.  After the October Revolution, he went to Petrograd and was drawn into working there for the first Soviet Yiddish newspaper Varhayt (Truth) as a technical editor.  He went on to write for: Emes (Truth) in Moscow, Shtern (Star) in Minsk, Frayer arbeter (Free laborer) in Vitebsk, and Shmuel Niger’s Kultur un bildung (Culture and education) in Moscow, among others.  He was a contributor as well to Shabes nayes (Saturday news) in Vilna and for short time to Vilner tog (Vilna day), and he worked as a teacher there in an evening school run by the group “Hilf durkh arbet” (Help through work).  He would later teach in a Jewish school near Kovno.  He engaged primarily in translating works by Communist leaders, such as: Tetikeyt un perspektivn fun komintern (The activity and perspectives of the Comintern), by Eugen Varga and Grigori Zinoviev (Moscow, 1924), 110 pp.; Der veg tsum sotsyalizm un der arbeter-poyerisher bund (The path to socialism and the labor-farmer union [original: Putʹ k sotsializmu i raboche-krestʹianskii soiuz]), by Nikolai Bukharin (Moscow, 1926), 106 pp.; Di protokoln fun’m 14 partey-tsuzamenfar (The protocols of the fourteen party conference), by Nikolai Bukharin, supplement to Emes (Moscow, 1926), 118 pp.; Der sotsyal-demokratisher opnoyg in der alk”p(b) (The social democratic deviation in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Bolsheviks), by Joseph Stalin (Moscow: Shul un bukh, 1927), 171 pp.; and other political and scholarly books and pamphlets.

Source: Zalmen Reyzen, Leksikon, vol. 3.
Yekhezkl Lifshits

[Additional information from: Chaim Beider, Leksikon fun yidishe shrayber in ratn-farband (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers in the Soviet Union), ed. Boris Sandler and Gennady Estraikh (New York: Congress for Jewish Culture, Inc., 2011), p. 318.]

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