MISHE MOGILEVITSH (1920-1986)
He was born in the town of Chernobyl, Ukraine. He graduated there from a seven-year school and continued his studies and worked in Kiev. He debuted in print with poetry in the newspaper Der shtern (The star) just on the eve of WWII. He joined the Red Army and was a machine-gunner. He was severely wounded on June 28, 1941 and captured. He remained in a POW camp until March 1945. He escaped with a group of other POWs and returned to the front. He was seriously wounded again in April near the city of Rostov and remained in the hospital until the war’s end. Returning to Kiev, he worked as a craftsman in a ceramic factory. He wrote poems when he was earlier in school, but published very few of them. He turned to writing actively in the 1960s and published numerous poems in Sovetish heymland (Soviet homeland) in Moscow, as well poetry cycles in Birebizhaner shtern (Birobidzhan star) on events in life, nature scenery, and love themes. Some of his poems were published in Ukrainian translation, and he was a member of the Ukrainian writers’ association. His first poetry collection appeared in 1979 in Moscow: Ofnhartsikeyt, lider (Sincerity, poems) (Sovetski pisatel), 109 pp. A major place in his poetry was occupied by children’s poems.
Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 354; Chaim Beider, Leksikon fun yidishe shrayber in ratn-farband (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers in the Soviet Union), ed. Boris Sandler and Gennady Estraikh (New York: Congress for Jewish Culture, Inc., 2011), pp. 223-24.