Y. SH. LEVMAN (b. 1896)
He was born in Vitebsk, Byelorussia. He was an active leader in Komyug ([Jewish] Communist youth association) and in the district office of the Jewish section of the Communist Party. He lived for a time in Kharkov and later (in 1926) in Moscow. He wrote poetry, literary critical articles, and reportage pieces for Der royter shtern (The red star) in Vitebsk (1920-1923), for which he also served as co-editor (with L. Abram and Y. Faykin). He was one of the editors of: the Vitebsk literary-artistic journal Kvalyes (Waves) in 1921, in whose first issue he led off with a poem and essay “Der yunger poet” (The young poet), dedicated to Perets Markish’s poetry collection Shveln (Thresholds) of 1919. He later assisted in editing: Yungvald (Young forest) in Moscow (1923-1925); Der emes (The truth) in Moscow (from 1924); Vitebsker arbeter (Vitebsk worker) (1925-1926); and the anthology Tsum ondenk fun y. l. perets (To the memory of Y. L. Perets) (Vitebsk, 1921) for which he wrote the first essay, “Y. l. perets un zayn epokhe” (Y. L. Perets and his epoch). In book form: Prof-ivre (Jewish trade unions) (Moscow, 1927), 161 pp., “the first attempt to create a textbook on the trade union movement in Yiddish.” His work on the Vitebsk synagogue study halls was published in Der emes in New York in 1921. There has been no news about him since the 1930s. A cycle of his poems appeared in Sovetish heymland (Soviet homeland) 11 (1987).
Sources: Yungvald (Moscow) 5 (1924); A. Kirzhnits, Di yidishe prese in vaysrusland, 1917-1927 (The Yiddish press in Byelorussia, 1917-1927) (Minsk, 1929), no. 183; Z. Ratner and Y. Kvitko, Dos yidishe bukh in f. s. r. r. far di yorn 1917-1921 (The Yiddish book in the USSR for the years 1917-1921) (Kiev, 1930), see index; Y. Kvitko, in Biblyologisher zamlbukh (Moscow) 1 (1930); Y. Bronshteyn, in Atake (Kharkov-Minsk) (1931), pp. 27, 33; B. Orshanski, in Tsaytshrift (Minsk) 5 (1931); Chone Shmeruk, comp., Pirsumim yehudiim babrit-hamoatsot, 1917-1961 (Jewish publications in the Soviet Union, 1917-1961) (Jerusalem, 1961), see index.
Khayim Leyb Fuks
[Additional information from: Chaim Beider, Leksikon fun yidishe shrayber in ratn-farband (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers in the Soviet Union), ed. Boris Sandler and Gennady Estraikh (New York: Congress for Jewish Culture, Inc., 2011), pp. 218.]