Wednesday, 23 March 2016


SHMUEL HELMOND (1905-December 1941)
            He was born in the town of Kutuzovo, Zhitomir district, Ukraine.  Until WWII he worked as a Yiddish teacher in Zhitomir, Kiev, and Odessa.  During the Soviet-German war, he was at various fronts in fighting against the Nazis.  His first publications were poems in Yungvald (Young forest) in Moscow in 1924.  He also wrote for Pyoner (Pioneer), Royte velt (Red world), Shtern (Star) in Minsk, Shtern in Kiev, Emes (Truth) in Moscow, and elsewhere.  He published translations of French poetry in Der yunger arbeter (The young worker) in Minsk.  Together with his younger brother Moyshe Helmond, he translated poetry from Russian, published in various Yiddish newspapers and periodicals in Russia.  He authored: Yugnt un land (Youth and country), lyrical revolutionary spirit, in the poetry collection Kep (Heads) (Moscow, 1931), 79 pp.; Elektre in step (Electrification in the steppe), a poem about a Russian-Ukrainian village after collectivization (Kiev-Kharkov, 1935), 109 pp.; Di lid vegn mishke shabalin fun kolvirt stalin (A poem about Mishke Shabalin from the collective farm Stalin), a poem about the peoples of the Soviet Union all living together (Kiev, 1937), 45 pp.; Lider (Poems) (Kiev, 1940), 128 pp., including, in addition to social revolutionary poetry, also lyrical and nationalist poetry.  He died at the front in the fight against the Germans.

Sources: B. Orshanski, in Tsayshrift (Minsk) 5 (1931); A. Vevyorke, Der stil fun der proletarisher literatur (The style of proletarian literature) (Kharkov, 1932), pp. 25-26; A. Druker, Di royte velt (Minsk) 3-4 (1932); Sh. Hirsh, in Shtern (Kharkov) 124 (1935); V. Vitkin, in Shtern (Minsk) 10-11 (1935); Y. Dobrushin, in Odeser arbeter (Odessa) 170 (1935); Dobrushin, in Eynikeyt (Moscow) (November 15, 1945); N. Mayzil, Dos yidishe shafn un der yidisher shrayber in sovetnfarband (Jewish creation and the Yiddish writer in the Soviet Union) (New York, 1959), see index.

[Additional information from: Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 222.]

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