SHOLEM ZHIRMAN (1909-1941)
He was born in Vilna. He worked in carpentry in his father’s workshop. From his early youth, he was active in the revolutionary movement and was on several occasions jailed. Over the years 1933-1939, he was confined in a Polish concentration camp, Kartuz-Bereza, from which he left deaf and sick with tuberculosis. He debuted in print with poems in Literarishe tribune (Literary tribune) in Warsaw (1930-1932). He later published reportage pieces, poetry, and depictions of his six years in Kartuz-Bereza for Byalistoker shtern (Bialystok star), Shtraln (Beams [of light]) in Kovno, Vilner emes (Vilna truth) in 1940, Yidishe kultur (Jewish culture) in New York, and others. In book form: Durkh grates, lider (Through bars, poems) (Moscow, 1940), 48 pp. He died in Ponar, near Vilna, in late 1941.
Sources: A. Pomerants, Tserisene keytn (Broken chains) (New York, 1943), pp. 60-64; Yidishe kultur (New York) (June-July 1944); Sh. Katsherginski, in Khurbn vilne (The Holocaust in Vilna) (New York, 1947), pp. 193-94; D. Sfard, in Yidishe shriftn (Warsaw) 3 (59) (1952); Sh. Aleksander, in Ikuf-bleter (Bucharest) (1952); B Mark, Umgekumene shrayber fun di getos un lagern (Murdered writers from the ghettos and camps) (Warsaw, 1954), p. 217; Sh. Belis, in Folksshtime (Warsaw) (September 20, 1958).