KHASKL TABATSHNIKOV (June 26, 1913-1988)
He was born in Boslev (Bohuslav), Ukraine. Orphaned as a youth, he wandered through towns during the years of the civil war, and the environment in which he grew up appears in his autobiographical novel Barshever motivn (Barshev motifs) (Moscow: Sovetski pisatel, 1975), 412 pp. From his early youth, he was involved in various trades, later working in a factory. He debuted in print with a story—“Tsvishn barzhes” (Among barges)—in the sixth issue of Yunger boyklang (Sounds of construction for youth) in Kharkov (1928). Thereafter he published stories and novellas in Yiddish-language newspaper and other Soviet Yiddish journals. He fought at the front during WWII; afterward, there was a sharp disruption in his work with the Stalinist persecutions. In the 1960s he returned to writing and his work appeared in Sovetish heymland (Soviet homeland) in Moscow. In the 1970s he published in this journal his Barshever motivn which then appeared as a separate volume. In the 1980s, he published his stories “Di shvester dvorkin” (The sisters Dvorkin) and “Leyzer barkus, der elektriker” (Leyzer Barkus, the electrician). His books include: A shtetl bam dnyeper (A town on the Dnieper), stories (Kharkov-Kiev: Ukrainian state publishers for national minorities, 1930), 207 pp.; Afn front, dertseylungen (On the front, stories) (Kharkov-Kiev: Ukrainian state publishers for national minorities, 1932), 138 pp.; Donye (Donye) (Kharkov-Kiev: Ukrainian state publishers for national minorities, 1934), 78 pp.; Der ershter shney (The first snow), stories (Kiev: Ukrainian state publishers for national minorities, 1939), 292 pp. He died in Kiev.
Sources: Y. Vorhaft, in Yunger boyklang (Kharkov) 7 (1928); A. Holdes, in Farmest (Kharkov) (May-June 1934); M. Mizhiritski, in Farmest (October 1934).
[Additional information from: Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 274; and Chaim Beider, Leksikon fun yidishe shrayber in ratn-farband (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers in the Soviet Union), ed. Boris Sandler and Gennady Estraikh (New York: Congress for Jewish Culture, Inc., 2011), p. 157.]