HENEKH TSHARNOTSHAPKA (1888-July 1944)
He was born in Iłów, near Sochaczew, Poland, where his father was rabbi. He studied in primary school and yeshivas and himself received ordination into the rabbinate. In 1912 he became rabbi of Saniki, Plotsk (Płock) district, and later (from 1925 until 1939) he was rabbi in Golin, Kalish (Kalisz) district. He was active in the Polish rabbis’ association, in Agudat Yisrael, and in the Jewish Beys-yankev schools. From 1930 he contributed to the Yiddish-language Orthodox press in Poland. He published articles in: Dos yudishe togblat (The Jewish daily newspaper) in Warsaw; Idishe arbeter-shtime (Voice of Jewish labor) and Beys-yankev zhurnal (Beys Yankev journal) in Lodz; Ortodoksishe yugent-bleter (Orthodox youth pages) in Warsaw-Lodz; Unzer gayst (Our spirit) in Zamość (1919-1920); and (in Hebrew) Deglanu (Our banner) and Darkenu (Our path), among others—in Warsaw. He was the author of: Der idisher dertsier (The Jewish educator), essays on Jewish religious education (Warsaw, 1936), 100 pp.; Der idisher gorten (The Jewish garden), articles on general Jewish matters (Warsaw, 1937), 84 pp. In Hebrew he published: Shaalu shalom yerushalaim (Pray for the peace of Jerusalem), articles on current issues (Warsaw, 1938), 180 pp. When the Germans occupied Poland in 1939, he escaped from Golin, for a time hid out in Izbitse (Izbica), and in the middle of 1940 returned to Golin. He was expelled with the local Jews to Zagurów and from there to the Kazimierz forest where he was shot by the Nazis. His brother, YUDE ARI TSHARNOTSHAPKA, also published in Unzer gayst in Zamość (1919-1920).
Source: M. Fridenzon, in Ela ezkera (These I remember), vol. 3 (New York, 1959), pp. 237-70.
Khayim Leyb Fuks