Thursday 10 November 2016


G. TSHORNI (TSHERNA, CHERNYI) (1875-1910/1911)
            He was born in Mir, Minsk district, Byelorussia.  At a very early age, he demonstrated talent at painting and—with the support of Prince Svyatopolk-Mirsky (minister of the interior in Tsarist Russia and owner of the town of Mir) who fortuitously saw a painting by Tshorni—he left for Vilna to study painting.  He later studied in Odessa, Vienna, and Munich, and after completing his studies, he settled Warsaw where he worked as an illustrator, primarily for Hebrew textbooks.  At the same time, he composed stories for: Yud (Jew) and Tog (Day), edited by Leon Rabinovitsh, in Warsaw, among other serials.  His books include: Nokhn shtrayk, a komedye in dray aktn (After the strike, a comedy in three acts) (Warsaw: Ferlags-byuro, 1907), 40 pp.  After his death, the publishing house of “Bikher far ale” (Books for everyone) brought out a collection of his stories in one volume: Shriftn (Writings) (Warsaw, 1912), 248 pp., with a foreword by the publisher.  He was extremely ill and died in Berlin.

Sources: Zalmen Reyzen, Leksikon, vol. 1; Zalmen Zilbertsvayg, Leksikon fun yidishn teater (Handbook of the Yiddish theater), vol. 2 (New York, 1934); Zilbertsvayg, “A por verter vegn dem farfarser” (A few words about the author), in Tshorni, Shriftn (Writings) (Warsaw, 1912).
Zaynvl Diamant

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