MOYSHE-YANKEV (MORRIS) ADERSHLEGER (ADELSCHLAGER) (November 11, 1881-March 18, 1940)
Born in Aleks (Oleks, Alesk, Olesk), Eastern Galicia. Studied in religious and public schools. He moved to the United States in 1899 and was the only provider for his orphaned family. Through a letter in the Forverts (Forward) concerned with the difficult life of Jewish barbers (hairdressers), he drew the attention of Abraham Cahan, and from 1905 he published in the Forverts sketches drawn from Jewish life in the United States. He also published stories in Tsaygayst (Spirit of the times), Tsukunft (Future), Fraye arbiter shtime (Free voice of labor), and Yidisher kemfer (Jewish fighter), as well as in Roman tsaytung (Novel news) in Warsaw. His books include: Veltelekh (Everyday), with a forward by Morris Rosenfeld (New York, 1910), 157 pp., comprised of stories and impressions from the life of Jewish poverty in New York and in the old Galician homeland; a play entitled Grinbergs tekhter (Grinberg’s daughters), a drama drawn from his novella, An umglik (An unhappiness) (1927), produced by the Jewish Art Theater in New York. After his death, his wife Miriam published his Shriftn (Writings) (New York, 1941), 350 pp.
Sources: Zalmen Reyzen, Leksikon, vol. 1; Z. Zilbertsvayg, Teater-leksikon, vol. 1; Gershom Bader, Medina veḥakhameha (The land and its wisdom) (New York, 1934), p. 18; Tsviyen, in Forverts (September 13, 1927); B. Grobard, A fertlyorhundert (A quarter century) (New York, 1935); Y. Rolnik (Joseph Rolnick), Zikhroynes (Memoirs) (New York, 1954), p. 163; B. Botvinik, in Forverts (March 20, 1940).