YISROEL HALEVI TELER (December 3, 1835-December 17, 1921)
He was born in Zlotshev (Złoczów), eastern Galicia. In the 1860s he moved to Romania and was a Hebrew teacher and administrator of educational institutions in Botoșani, Focșani, and Galats (Galați). He was among the first leaders in the Ḥibat-Tsiyon (Love of Zion) movement in Romania. In 1897 he moved to Israel. He was a cofounder of the colony of Ziḥron Yaakov. He taught in the first schools in Reḥovot. He published poems and articles in the Hebrew-language: Haivri (The Jew), Hamabit (The gaze), Hashaḥar (The dawn), Hamagid (The preacher) of which he was Romanian correspondent, Hatsfira (The times), and Hamekits (The awakening); and in Yiddish: Hayoyets (The advisor), Der varer hayoyets (The true advisor) in Bucharest (until 1897), and Di hofnung (The hope) in Piatra Neamț (1882), among others. He also contributed to A. M. Lunts’s Lukhes (Calendars) in Jerusalem. He was the author of: Torat halashon (Rules of the language) (Jaffa, 1912), 2 volumes; Shir hamaalot (Poem of ascents), poetry (Vienna, 1882), 34 pp.; Hegyon lev (Logic of the heart) (Jerusalem, 1903), 2 volumes; Di khoveve-tsien in rumenye (The Lovers of Zion in Romania) (Galați, 1895), 36 pp., in which he also published three poems (and three by Zeydl Helman). At the Zionist conferences he stood up for Yiddish, and at the second national conference of Lovers of Zion in Romania (January 1896) he proposed monthly collections with poems about Zion, one month in Hebrew and one month in Yiddish, “to rouse the spirits of the Jewish masses.” He died in Reḥovot.
Sources: N. Sokolov, Sefer zikaron (Volume of remembrance) (Warsaw, 1889), p. 45; Gershom Bader, Medina veḥakhameha (The state and its sages) (New York, 1934), p. 111; D. Tidhar, in Entsiklopedyah leḥalutse hayishuv uvonav (Encyclopedia of the pioneers and builders of the yishuv), vol. 1 (Tel Aviv, 1947), p. 279; Dr. Israel Klausner, Ḥibat tsiyon beromaniya (Love of Zion in Romania) (Jerusalem, 1958), see index.
Khayim Leyb Fuks