SHAYE TIGER (July 3, 1898-December 8, 1960)
He was born in Solotvine (Solotvyn), eastern Galicia. During WWI he served in the Austrian army and was later a Hebrew teacher in Drohobitsh (Drohobycz). From 1920 until 1933 he lived in Vienna and later in various countries—from 1940 in London. He debuted in print in the newspaper Moriya (Moriah) in Jerusalem (1914) with correspondence pieces on Jewish and general life in Austria. He later became a regular contributor to Haḥerut (Freedom) in Jerusalem. After 1923 he was also publishing in Yiddish. He wrote for, and for a time edited, the Vienna-based Yudishe morgnpost (Jewish morning mail) and Yudishe vokhnpost (Jewish weekly mail). From 1925 he was the Vienna correspondent for: Moment (Moment) in Warsaw; Vilner tog (Vilna day); Frimorgn (Morning) in Riga; Idisher kuryer (Jewish courier) in Chicago; Keneder odler (Canadian eagle) in Montreal; and other serials. In Literarishe bleter (Literary leaves) in Warsaw, he published essays on Peter Altenberg, Arthur Schnitzler, and others. He was also a contributor to Hatsfira (The siren) in Warsaw, Darḥenu (Our way) in Vienna, and the German Jewish newspapers: Weiner Morgenzeitung (Vienna morning newspaper), Neues Weiner Journal (New Vienna journal), and Jüdische Rundschau (Jewish review) in Berlin, in which he published articles and essays. He edited the Yiddish publication in Romanized script, Der onhoyb (The beginning) in Vienna (1923)—only one issue appeared. In book form he published: Der tsadek un der bal-tshuve oder der “shvartser bishop” (The saint and the penitent or the “Black Bishop”) (London, 1960), 128 pp. His work on Velvl Zbarzher, portions of which appeared in the collection Yidish (Yiddish) (Vienna, 1928), remains in manuscript. He also wrote under the pen name of Dr. A. Turski. He died in London.
Sources: Gershom Bader, Medina veḥakhameha (The state and its sages) (New York, 1934), p. 110; Shoyel Khayes, Otsar beduye hashem (Thesaurus Pseudonymorum; Treasury of pseudonyms) (Vienna: Glanz, 1933), p. 836; Zalmen Reyzen archive at YIVO (New York); M. Naygreshl, in Fun noentn over (New York) 1 (1955), pp. 385, 390.
Khayim Leyb Fuks