YESHAYE RAFALOVITSH (ISAIAH RAFFALOVICH) (April 26, 1870-May 29, 1956)
He was born in Bohupol (Bogopol), Podolia. He moved with his parents to Jerusalem in 1882. He attended religious elementary school and yeshiva, before entering “Jews’ College” in London and German universities. Over the years 1902-1924, he was rabbi in various cities in England; 1924-1935, he was rabbi for communities in Brazil, before returning to the land of Israel. He wrote mainly in Hebrew. He published essays in London’s Idisher ekspres (Jewish express) and several pamphlets: Brazilye, a tsukunfts-land far idisher imigratsye (Brazil, a future land for Jewish immigration) (Berlin, 1928), 12 pp.; and Der ruf fun shoyfer (The call of the shofar) (Rio de Janeiro, 1928), 12 pp.; Di badaytung fun yom kiper (The significance of Yom Kippur) (Rio de Janeiro, 1928), 9 pp. + 11 pp. He died in Tel Aviv.
Sources: Getzel Kressel, Leksikon hasifrut haivrit (Handbook of Hebrew literature), vol. 2 (Merḥavya, 1967); Yeshaye Rafalovitsh, Tsiunim vetamrurim (Sings and markers) (Jerusalem, 1952); E. R. Malachi, Perakim betoldot hayishuv hayashan (Studies in the history of the old yishuv) (Tel Aviv, 1971).