Wednesday, 23 November 2016

GERSHON YABROV

GERSHON YABROV (1896-1941)
            He came from a town near Minsk, Byelorussia.  For many years he was a teacher and cofounder of Jewish schools and technical institutes in Minsk and in other cities in Byelorussia.  Over the years 1928-1933, he was a lecturer in the pedagogical technical school in Vinitse (Vinnytsa), later returning to Minsk where he lived until the German invasion of Russia in June 1941.  He was the author of textbooks and readers which were used in Jewish schools and technical institutes in Soviet Russia. He published the first textbooks of Yiddish grammar and literature for the Jewish schools.  He published articles on pedagogical and literary topics in: Sovetishe literatur (Soviet literature) in Kiev; and Oktyabr (October) and Shtern (Star) in Minsk.  He was a regular contributor to Tsaytshrift (Periodical) in Minsk where, among other items, he published: “Tsu der evalutsye fun izi khariks poezye” (On the evolution of Izi Kharik’s poetry).  In book form: Praktishe gramatik (Practical grammar), vol. 1 (Minsk, 1925), 74 pp., second enlarged edition (1926), 90 pp., third edition (1927), 81 pp., fourth edition (1928), 102 pp.; Literarishe khrestomatye, mit eynike elementn fun literatur-teorye (Literary reader, with a number of elements of literary theory), two parts (Minsk, 1926 and 1927), 276 pp. and 388 pp., respectively, second enlarged edition (Minsk, 1928), 397 pp., third edition (1929); Di yidishe literatur in frages, oyfgabes un temes, a hilfsbukh far di eltere grupn fun tsveytn kontsenter, far lerer, studentn fun pedtekhnikums un far shuln fun hekhern tip (Yiddish literature in questions, editions, and themes: A auxiliary volume for older groups in the second stage of education, for teachers, students of pedagogical technical schools and for schools of the high sort), two parts (Minsk, 1928 and 1929), 44 pp. and 44 pp., respectively; Y. l. perets far der shul, eynike metodishe onvayzungen un deklerungen (Y. L. Perets for the school, some methodical instructions and explanations), with an introduction, short biography, and characterization of Perets and his work (Minsk, 10941), 42 pp.; Lernbukh af literatur, farn 3tn lernyor (Textbook for literatur, for the third school year), with L. Goldin (Kharkov-Kiev, 1932), 98 pp., with illustration; In ongrif, lernbukh fun daytsh far der 6ter grupe fun der politekhnisher shul (On the attack, textbook for German for the sixth group in the politechnical school), with N. Goldberg, two parts (Kharkov-Kiev, 1932 and 1933), 99 pp. and 80 pp., respectively.  Since WWII there has been no further information about him.

Sources: A. Zaretski, in Shtern (Minsk) 5 (1926); Zaretski, in Di royte velt (Kharkov) 1-2 (1926); Biblyografishe yorbikher fun yivo (Bibliographic yearbooks from YIVO) (Warsaw, 1928), see index; N. Rubinshteyn, Dos yidishe bukh in sovetn-farband in 1932-1933 (The Yiddish book in the Soviet Union in 1932-1933) (Kharkov, 1933), see index; Y. Anilovski and M. Yafe, Shriftn far psikhologye un pedagogik (Writings on psychology and pedagogy), vol. 1 (Vilna, YIVO, 1933), pp. 471-72, 481; N. Mayzil, Dos yidishe shafn un der yidisher shrayber in sovetnfarband (Jewish creation and the Yiddish writer in the Soviet Union) (New York, 1959), p. 28.
Khayim Leyb Fuks

[Additional information from: Chaim Beider, Leksikon fun yidishe shrayber in ratn-farband (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers in the Soviet Union), ed. Boris Sandler and Gennady Estraikh (New York: Congress for Jewish Culture, Inc., 2011), p. 172.]


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