Tuesday 26 April 2016


            He was born in Chelm and studied in religious primary school, yeshiva, secular Jewish schools, and a Jewish senior high school.  During WWII he was in Russia.  In 1946 he returned to Poland and later was in Germany.  From 1949 he was living in Israel.  He debuted in print in 1933 with a poem entitled “Oblave” (Police raid) in Fraye yugnt (Free youth) in Warsaw.  He later published poetry in: Der fraynd (The friend) in Warsaw; Bafrayung (Liberation) and Hemshekh (Continuation) in Munich; Oyfgang (Arise) in Austria; Di idishe tsaytung (The Jewish newspaper) in Buenos Aires; Folksblat (People’s newspaper) in Montevideo; Unzer vort (Our word) in Paris; Letste nayes (Latest news), Nayvelt (New world), and Di goldene keyt (The golden chain) in Tel Aviv; Tsukunft (Future) in New York; and elsewhere.  His books include: Zayn, lider (To be, poems) (Munich, 1948), 66 pp.; Broyt (Bread), a novel (Tel Aviv: Perets Publ., 1960), 180 pp.; Zamd (Sand), a novel (Tel Aviv: Perets Publ., 1963), 260 pp.; Goyroles (Destinies), a novel (Tel Aviv: Hamenorah, 1967), 198 pp.; Yorn (Years), novella and poetry (Tel Aviv: Perets Publ., 1973), 172 pp.; Do geyt oyf di zun (The sun rises here), poetry (Tel Aviv: Perets Publ., 1975), 198 pp.; Hi, noveln (Here, novellas) (Tel Aviv: Perets Publ., 1982), 211 pp.; Tisha sipurim (Nine stories), translated from Yiddish by Moshe Yungman (Jerusalem: M. Neuman, 1979), 158 pp.; Azoy tsu zogn, eseyen (As follows, essays) (Tel Aviv: Perets Publ., 1985), 367 pp., essays on Yiddish writers.

Sources: Y. Morgenshtern, in Nayvelt (Munich) (1948), p. 6; M. Kroshnits, in Shriftn far literatur un kunst (Writings on literature and art) (Munich, 1949), p. 53; Y. Viner, Zayn un shafn (Being and creating) (Austria, 1949), p. 8; M. Yofe, in Yisroel-shtime (Tel Aviv) (November 7, 1957); Y. Gar, in Fun noentn over (New York) 3 (1957), pp. 163, 174, 175; M. Ravitsh, Mayn leksikon (My lexicon), vol. 3 (Montreal, 1958), p. 475.

[Additional information from: Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 233.]

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