URAN GURALNIK (1921-1989)
He was born in Vinitse (Vinnytsa), Ukraine. He graduated from a Jewish middle school and later from the Lenin Pedagogical Institute in Moscow. From 1946 he was the scientific contributor to the institute of world literature in the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. He wrote mostly in Russian literary periodicals. He debuted in print in Yiddish in Zay greyt (Get ready) and Eynikeyt (Unity) in Moscow. He wrote about Vissarion Belinsky and Dmitry Pisarev, and in the 1960s he penned literary articles and treatises for Sovetish heymland (Soviet homeland). In book form: Tife vortslen, literatur-kritishe forshungen (Deep roots, literary critical research) (Moscow: Sovetski pisatel, 1983), 64 pp. He died in Moscow.
Sources: Sovetish heymland, Materyaln far a leksikon fun der yidisher sovetisher literatur (Materials for a handbook of Soviet Jewish literature) (September 1975); Uriel Weinreich, Field of Yiddish (New York, 1954), p. 52.
Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 154.