SHMUEL SHVARTS (August 10, 1912)
He was born in Warsaw. Until age thirteen he attended religious elementary school, later working in the occupation of knitting. He was active in the Communist Party. In 1932 he fled to the Soviet Union where he lived for twenty-six years, eleven of them in a labor camp. In 1959 he left for Poland and in 1963 to Melbourne. In book form: A tsebrokhen herts (A broken heart).
Source: Permuter archive, YIVO (New York).
Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), cols. 518-19.