SHMUEL SHKHARYA (January 1, 1909-March 2, 1978)
He was a journalist, born in Suwałki, Poland. “Shkharya” was a Hebraized form of Shvarts. He studied at the Warsaw Tachkemoni and philosophy at the University of Berlin and the Hochschule für Wissenschaft des Judentums (Higher institute for Jewish studies). He was connected to the Zionist socialist labor movement. From 1934 he was living in the land of Israel. He wrote articles and literary essays in: Hayom (Today), Hatsfira (The siren), Lemerḥav (Into the open), and other Hebrew-language serial publications; in Yiddish in: Nayvelt (New world), Folksblat (People’s newspaper), Di goldene keyt (The golden chain), Folk un tsien (People and Zion), Yisroel shtime (Voice of Israel), Yidishe tsaytung (Jewish newspaper), Letste nayes (Latest news), Yidishe kultur (Jewish culture), and Fraye arbeter shtime (Free voice of labor), among others. In book form: Vort ayn, vort oys, eseyen (Word in, word out, essays) (Jerusalem and New York: Unzer veg, 1976), 648 pp. Among his pen names: Sh. Baharav, Sh. Shmueli, Sh. Shaḥar, Sh. Bin-Nun, and Sh. Shats. He died in Jerusalem.
Sources: Sh. Raz, in Haynt (Montevideo) (December 8, 1968); Moyshe Goldshteyn, in Yisroel shtime (Tel Aviv) (October 8, 1976); M. Ts[anin], in Letste nayes (Tel Aviv) (January 7, 1977).