KOPL SHVARTS (January 7, 1888-July 31, 1954)
He was born in Bolekhov (Bolekhiv), Galicia (Poland). He received a traditional Jewish education, later studying in an Austrian government high school in Stri (Struj) and Lemberg. He went on to attend universities in Lemberg and Vienna, where he received his doctor of law degree. In 1940 he left for the land of Israel. He was active, and in Galicia in a leadership position, in the Zionist labor movement. He began writing in Polish and Hebrew in 1908, first turning to Yiddish in May 1919, when he became a member of the editorial board of Lemberg’s Togblat (Daily newspaper). Over the years 1925-1927, he was a regular contributor to Warsaw’s Folk un land (People and nation). He wrote articles (1930-1931) for the Lemberg weekly Dos fraye vort (The free word). He died in Petaḥ Tikva.