SOLOMON POZNER (1876-1945)
He was born in Minsk, Byelorussia. He was a well-known historian and biographer. Until 1903 he lived in St. Petersburg, thereafter in Paris. He placed work in Novyi voskhod (New arise) in St. Petersburg, and later in French historical periodicals. In Yiddish he published important historical works in: Tsukunft (Future) in New York (starting in 1925); and Yivo-bleter (Pages from YIVO) and Historishe shriftn (Historical writings)—both in Vilna. He also contributed to the Yiddish-language Algemeyne entsiklopedye (General encyclopedia) in Paris. His biographical monograph on Adolphe Crémieux elicited numerous responses in Jewish historical research. During the Nazi occupation of France, he hid out in Nîmes.
Sources: Sh. Dubnov, in Yivo bleter (Vilna) 8.1 (1935); M. Weinreich, in Forverts (New York) (January 13, 1935); Russian Jewry, 1860-1917 (New York, 1966), pp. 265, 274.
Khayim Leyb Fuks