Sunday, 5 February 2017


MIRE KHENKIN (1900-1960)
            She was born in Novozibkov (Novozybkov), Chernigov (Chernihiv) district, Ukraine.  She was married to the writer Nokhum Oyslender.  She lived in Kiev and Moscow.  She was a member of the “Association of Revolutionary Jewish Writers in Ukraine.”  She also took part of research work at the Kiev Institute for Jewish Culture of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.  She began writing poetry for the Communist youth publication Di fraye yignt (Free youth) in Kiev (1923).  Later, she contributed to: Sovetishe literatur (Soviet literature) in Kiev; the collection Ukraine (Ukraine), Di royte velt (The red world), Prolit (Proletarian literature), and Shtern (Star)—in Kharkov; Emes (Truth), Yungvald (Young forest), Yunger prolit (Young proletarian literature), Eynikeyt (Unity), and the anthologies of Sovetish (Soviet)—in Moscow; Yidish kultur (Jewish culture) in New York; and Yidishe shriftn (Yiddish writings) in Warsaw; among others.  Her books include: Lider (Poetry) (Kkarkov, 1928), 58 pp.; Dekade (Ten-day period), poetry (Kharkov-Kiev, 1932), 79 pp.; Moskver friling, lider (Moscow spring, poems) (Moscow, 1936), 136 pp. Her work also appeared in: Tsum zig (To victory) (Moscow, 1944); and Shlakhtn (Battles) (Kharkov-Kiev, 1932).  She died in Moscow.  A cycle of her poems from the last years of her life was published in Sovetishe heymland (Soviet homeland) (Moscow) 2 (September-October 1961).  Fragments of a novel she was writing at the end of her life about the Soviet Civil War appeared in Sovetish heymland in the 1980s.

Sources: Y. Nusinov, in Royte velt (Kharkov) 9 (1926); D. Tsharni (Daniel Charney), in Literarishe bleter (Warsaw) (January 21, 1927); Ezra Korman, Yidishe dikhterins (Jewish women poets) (Chicago, 1928), pp. 310-14, 346; B. Glazman, in Idishe kemfer (New York) (October 4, 1930); N. Rubinshteyn, Dos yidishe bukh in sovetn-farband 1932 (The Yiddish book in the Soviet Union, 1932) (Minsk, 1933), no. 435; N. Mayzil, Dos yidishe shafn un der yidisher shrayber in sovetnfarband (Jewish creation and the Yiddish writer in the Soviet Union) (New York, 1959), see index.
Khayim Leyb Fuks

[Additional information from: Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 317; Chaim Beider, Leksikon fun yidishe shrayber in ratn-farband (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers in the Soviet Union), ed. Boris Sandler and Gennady Estraikh (New York: Congress for Jewish Culture, Inc., 2011), p. 191. ]

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