Wednesday, 15 February 2017


            She was born in Bershad, Ukraine, and from there she moved with her mother to Moscow.  There she graduated from a Jewish school, and in the early 1930s she worked as a typist for the newspaper and publisher Der emes (The truth).  She was later part of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee and on the editorial board of Eynikeyt (Unity).  The last position she held before the pogrom against Yiddish literature in the late 1940s was on the editorial board of the almanac Heymland (Homeland).  She then returned to her Yiddish typewriter in the early 1960s when the journal Sovetish heymland (Soviet homeland) in Moscow started to appear.  For the latter she also wrote essays and memoirs of Moyshe Litvakov, Perets Markish, Dovid Bergelson, Shmuel Halkin, Itzik Fefer, Leyb Kvitko, Eli Falkevitsh, Der Nister, Shike Driz, and Z. Vendrof.  From 1993 she was living in Detroit in the United States.  Her writings include: Tsvishn yidishe shrayber, zikhroynes fun a mashinistke (Among Yiddish writers, memoirs of a typist), supplement to Sovetish heymland 3 (1982), 61 pp.

Chaim Beider, Leksikon fun yidishe shrayber in ratn-farband (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers in the Soviet Union), ed. Boris Sandler and Gennady Estraikh (New York: Congress for Jewish Culture, Inc., 2011), pp. 193-94.

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