Thursday, 2 February 2017

DORE KHAYKIN (KHAYKINE)

DORE KHAYKIN (KHAYKINE) (b. October 8, 1913-2006)
            She was born in Chernigov (Chernihiv), Ukraine.  She was raised over the years 1919-1927 in a children’s home.  For a time she worked in Kiev as a weaver and a knitter.  In 1932 she graduated from the Kiev economic technical school.  In 1935 she married the writer Y. Falikman, with whom she lived for a while in Birobidzhan.  During WWII she volunteered in the army.  Her first published poems appeared in Prolit (Proletarian literature) 1-2 (1931).  She later published poems in: Sovetishe literatur (Soviet literature) and Farmest (Challenge), among others.  Among her works in the war years, the anti-Nazi poems excelled.  In book form: Lider (Poetry) (Kiev, 1938), 69 pp.; Lider un balades (Poems and ballads) (Kiev, 1941); Fun ale mayne vegn, lider (Of all my ways, poetry) (Moscow: Sovetski pisatel, 1975), 182 pp.; Lutsyes libe, dertseylungen un noveln (Lucia’s love, stories and novellas) (Moscow, 1983), 269 pp.; Briv tsu kumendike doyres (Letter to future generations) (Moscow, 1988), 62 pp.  He work also appeared in: Almanakh fun yidishe sovetishe shrayber tsum alfarbandishn shrayber-tsuzamenfor (Almanac, from Soviet Jewish writers to the all-Soviet conference of writers) (Kharkov, 1934); and Komsomolye (Communist Youth) (Kiev, 1938).  She managed to escape Stalin liquidation of Yiddish writers.  She contributed a poem to the first issue of Sovetish heymland (Soviet homeland) in Moscow (July-August 1961).  With the founding of this journal, she became particularly active as a writer again in the early 1960s.  She subsequently began to write stories and novellas.  Her poetry is lyrical with the principal motifs being the life and feelings of a Jewish woman, landscapes, and love.  In 1993 she made aliya to Israel and settled in Haifa.

Sources: A Pomerants, Inzhenern fun neshomes (Engineers of souls) (New York, 1943), p. 62; P. Novik, Eyrope tsvishn milkhome un sholem (Europe between war and peace) (New York, 1948), pp. 269-70; Eynikeyt (Moscow) (August 11, 1945); Folksshtime (Warsaw) (October 1, 1957); N. Mayzil, Dos yidishe shafn un der yidisher shrayber in sovetnfarband (Jewish creation and the Yiddish writer in the Soviet Union) (New York, 1959), see index.
Mortkhe Yofe

[Additional information from: Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 316; Chaim Beider, Leksikon fun yidishe shrayber in ratn-farband (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers in the Soviet Union), ed. Boris Sandler and Gennady Estraikh (New York: Congress for Jewish Culture, Inc., 2011), p. 191.]


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