KALMEN FRIDMAN (May 7, 1895-July 8, 1969)
He was born in Warsaw, Poland. He studied in religious elementary school and two years in public school, later becoming a laborer. He was active in the Bund and a member of the central council of trade unions in Poland. In 1913 he came to the United States and for a time led the weavers’ union in New York. He published his first poems in Undzer lebn (Our life) in Warsaw (1912). In America he contributed poetry, short stories, and reportage pieces in: Frayhayt (Freedom), Di naye velt (The new world), Di glaykheyt (Equality), Yidishe kultur (Jewish culture), and Tog (Day) in New York; Idishe arbeter velt (Jewish workers’ world) in Philadelphia; Kunst-fraynd (Friend of art), Kultur (Culture), and Di vokh (The week) in Chicago; and Nay lebn (New life) and Landsmanshaftn (Native-place associations) in Buenos Aires; among others. He served as editor of Di hofenung (The hope) in New York. In book form: Lebens-tener, lider un gedikhte (Veins of life, poetry) (New York, 1916), 64 pp. He died in New York.
Sources: Zalmen Reyzen, Leksikon, vol. 3; S. D. Levin, in Frayhayt (New York) (May 16, 1948); N. Mayzil, Amerike in yidishn vort (America in Yiddish) (New York, 1955), p. 814.
Khayim Leyb Fuks