Sunday, 18 November 2018

YUDE FELD


YUDE FELD (b. 1906)
            The literary name of Yude Feldvurem, he was born in Warsaw.  He studied in religious elementary school.  He was a student of a craftsman and a servant.  In 1930s he worked at Tog (Day).  In 1939 with the German invasion of Poland, he took part in the underground anti-fascist movement in the Warsaw Ghetto.  He was among the organizers of the underground Communist press in Yiddish.  An active writer for Morgn-fray (Morning free), he was the author of a series of its journalistic articles and features.  At his initiative, on June 22, 1941, Morgn-fray was changed to a daily newspaper entitled Morgn-frayhayt (Morning freedom).  He was also involved in preparing the underground ghetto archive.  During the first ghetto liquidation, he (using a conspirator’s name) demonstrated great devotion in rescuing people from the assembly point for deportation.  He began writing while quite young.  He published: Mekhl kuliks lebn, a roman in dray teyln fun amol, nekhtn un haynt (Mekhl Kulik’s life, a novel in three parts from the past, yesterday, and today) (Warsaw: Feder, 1937), 205 pp.; a children’s story, Pereles hintl (Perele’s puppy) (Warsaw: Kinder-fraynd, 1938), 16 pp.; In di tsaytn fun homen dem tsveytn (In the times of Haman II) (Warsaw: Yidish bukh, 1954), 80 pp., which appeared in manuscript form in the Ringelblum archive with an introduction by B. Mark.  In 1961 he came to Australia and was living in Melbourne in 1980.

Sources: Shmuel Vinter, in Vilner tog (Vilna) (December 3, 1937); Literarishe bleter (Warsaw) (July 9, 1937); S. Kon, in Foroys (Warsaw) (October 4, 1938); M. Taykhman, in Literarishe bleter (November 12, 1939); B. Mark, in Folksshtime (Lodz) (1947); Mark, in Yidishe shriftn (Warsaw) (April 1950); Mark, Umgekumene shrayber fun di getos un lagern (Murdered writers from the ghettos and camps) (Warsaw, 1954), pp. 50, 65, 68; M. Knapheys, Dos naye lebn (The new life) (New York, 1948); Sh. Likhtenshteyn, in Morgn-frayhayt (New York) (August 29, 1954); Likhtenshteyn, in Yidishe kultur (New York) (March 1955); Yoysef Kermish, in Di goldene keyt (Tel Aviv) 27 (1957); Gar and F. Fridman, Biblyografye fun yidishe bikher vegn khurbn un gvure (Bibliography of Yiddish books concerning the Holocaust and heroism), vols. 1 (New York, 1962).
Yankev Kahan

[Additional information from: Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 448.]


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