Tuesday, 6 March 2018


            He was an important journalist in Soviet Russia.  From the first years of the Bolshevik upheaval, he was a member of the Communist Party and an active leader in the struggle on behalf of the party’s general line.  A farmer by trade, he actively participated in directing the Jewish colonization in the districts of Stalindorf, Kalinindorf, Nay-Zlotopol, and later in Birobidzhan.  For a time he served in the Jewish division of the central executive commission in Ukraine, but later he was removed from this post for “left deviationism.”  He contributed to the daily newspapers Emes (Truth) in Moscow and Shtern (Star) in Kharkov, and the Kharkov journals Di royte velt (The red world), Prolit (Proletarian literature), and other publications.  Over the years 1932-1934, he played a part in the monthly journal Bahershn di tekhnik fun der sotsyalistisher landvirshaftlekher produktsye (Mastering the technique of socialist agricultural production), organ of the People’s Commissariat of Agriculture, Ukrainian S.S.R., Ukrainian Collective Farm Center; he was a member of the editorial board of the journal, 1933-1934.  He also served on the editorial board of the Russian-language Jewish journal Tribuna (Tribune) in Moscow (1927-1937).  In 1944 his work appeared in the anthology Tsum zig (To victory), published in Moscow under the editorship of Perets Markish, but after 1933 his fate remains unknown and one may assume that he fell victim to Stalinist terror.  In book form he published: Vuhin geyt di ekonomishe antviklung fun di yidishe arbetndike-masn in di kapitalistishe lender un in ratnfarband (Where is the economic development of the Jewish working masses in the capitalist countries and in the Soviet Union going?) (Kharkov: Ukrainian State Publ., 1929), 63 pp.; Biro-bidzhan un palestine (Birobidzhan and Palestine) (Kharkov: Central Publ., 1929), 52 pp.; Di ekonomishe lage fun idishn shtetl (The economic state of the Jewish town) (Moscow: Gezerd, 1929), 27 pp.; Eynike yediyes vegn der aynordenung fun der yidisher oremkeyt (Some information concerning the arrangements for Jewish poverty) (Kharkov: Ukrainian gezerd, 1930), 25 pp.; Farvos kemfn mir kegn religye (Why we fight against religion) (Kharkov: Central Publ., 1931), 98 pp.; Der haynt un der morgn fun di yidishe ibervander-fondn in ukraine (Today and tomorrow in the Jewish immigration funds in Ukraine) (Kiev: Central Publ., 1931), 65 pp.; Frages un entfers vegn biro-bidzhan (Questions and answers about Birobidzhan) (Kharkov, Central Publ., 1931), 62 pp.; Di proletarishe fabrik tsu hilf dem yidishn ibervanderer (The proletarian factory to help the Jewish migrant) (Kharkov: Central Publ., 1931), 31 pp.; Der yidisher fashizm un klerikalizm tsu dinst dem kapital (Jewish fascism and clericalism in service to capitalism) (Kharkov-Kiev: Ukrainian state publishers for national minorities, 1932), 47 pp.; Di yidishe ibervanderung in krim (Jewish migration in the Crimea) (Kharkov-Kiev: Ukrainian state publishers for national minorities, 1932), 62 pp.; Kalinindorfer rayon (Kalinindorf region) (Moscow: Emes, 1932), 72 pp.; Di ibervanderung in nay-zlatopoler rayon (The migration in Nay-Zlatopol region) (Kharkov-Kiev: Ukrainian state publishers for national minorities, 1933), 21 pp.; Nay-zlatopoler rayon (Nay-Zlatopol region) (Moscow: Emes, 1933), 72 pp.; Eynike yedyes vegn stalindorfer rayon (Some information on the Stalindorf region) (Kharkov-Kiev: Ukrainian state publishers for national minorities, 1933), 21 pp.; Vegn der ibervanderung in kalinindorfer rayon (On migration to the Kalinindorf region) (Kharkov-Kiev: Ukrainian state publishers for national minorities, 1933), 18 pp.; Stalindorfer rayon (Stalindorf region) (Moscow: Emes, 1933), 83 pp.; and Biro-bidzhan (Birobidzhan) (Kharkov-Kiev: Ukrainian state publishers for national minorities, 1933), 97 pp.; among others.  He was murdered during the Stalinist liquidation of Yiddish writers and Jewish culture in the Soviet Union.

Sources: Chone Shmeruk, comp., Pirsumim yehudiim babrit-hamoatsot, 1917-1961 (Jewish publications in the Soviet Union, 1917-1961) (Jerusalem, 1961), see index.
Leyb Vaserman

[Additional information from: Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 400; Chaim Beider, Leksikon fun yidishe shrayber in ratn-farband (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers in the Soviet Union), ed. Boris Sandler and Gennady Estraikh (New York: Congress for Jewish Culture, Inc., 2011), pp. 260-61.]

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