SHAYE MARGOLIS (July 1864-winter 1941)
He was born in Zamość, Lublin district, Poland. He received both a Jewish and a general education. He graduated from the polytechnic in Riga in 1889. Together with Y. L. Perets, he carried out a voyage through the Jewish towns of the Zamość and Tomashov (Tomaszów) areas for statistical ends. He was later an engineer in a textile factory in London. He was active with YIVO and ORT (Association for the Promotion of Skilled Trades), among other groups. He contributed to “Shimin’s Great World Library” in Warsaw, for which he translated a series of works from German into Yiddish, among them: Moritz Lazarus, Yirmiye hanovi (Jeremiah the prophet [original: Der Prophet Jeremias]) (Warsaw, 1911), 86 pp., with a preface by the author. He sporadically wrote articles on technical issues for Lodzher tageblat (Lodz daily newspaper) and Nayer folksblat (New people’s newspaper) in Lodz, and he wrote a memoir of Perets in Yivo-bleter (Pages from YIVO) (Vilna) 12 (1937), pp. 308-11. He died of starvation in the Lodz ghetto.
Sources: Yivo-bleter (Vilna) 12 (1937); Halina Shimin-Shnayderman, in Yivo-bleter (New York) (1962), p. 294; Shmuel Niger, Y. l. perets (Y. L. Perets) (Buenos Aires, 1952), see index.
Khayim Leyb Fuks