YASHE RUBYAK (1911-November 4, 1979)
A prose writer, he was born with the surname Grubyak in the town of Yustingrad (Sokolivka), Kiev Province, Ukraine, into the family of a teacher. He was the younger brother of Motl Grubyak. After graduating from a Jewish artisanal school, he moved to Lugansk and worked in a factory. In 1934 he began studying in the history faculty of Odessa pedagogical institute. From 1937 until WWII, he worked as a Yiddish teacher in the town of Dzherzhinski (Romanov). He volunteered and served in the Red Army during WWII. When he was demobilized in the fall of 1945, he settled in Moscow, worked a short time for the book publisher “Der emes” (The truth), and when it shut down went to work in a factory. He published his first story in 1935, but that was followed by a long break in his writing. He returned to literature and emerged as a writer in the 1960s in the columns of Sovetish heymland (Soviet homeland) in Moscow, in which he published short stories, monologues, and humorous sketches. The short story was his genre of choice, though he was a gifted monologist. He was the author of Nekhtn un haynt, monologn un noveln (Yesterday and today, monologues and novellas) (Moscow: Sovetski pisatel, 1981), 294 pp. He died in Moscow.
Source: Sovetish hemland (Moscow) 1 (1980).
[Additional information from: Chaim Beider, Leksikon fun yidishe shrayber in ratn-farband (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers in the Soviet Union), ed. Boris Sandler and Gennady Estraikh (New York: Congress for Jewish Culture, Inc., 2011), pp. 357-58.]