BOREKH VINOGURA (1900-1941)
He was born in Sokołów Podlaski, Poland. He studied in religious primary school and secular subject matter privately. He joined the left wing of the Labor Zionist Party in the early 1920s and traveled about Poland and Lithuania as a speaker on behalf of the party. At the time he began publishing articles in party publications. In 1928 he settled in Paris, writing essays and literary criticism for: Tsukunft (Future), Hamer (Hammer), and Morgn-frayhayt (Morning freedom) in New York; Literarishe bleter (Literary leaves) and Vokhnshrift (Weekly writings) in Warsaw; and Naye prese (New press) in Paris). He was co-editor of the weekly newspaper Bleter (Leaves) (1929-1930) and of the monthly Parizer zhurnal (Parisian journal) (1935). During the Nazi occupation, Gestapo agents arrested him and his wife, the painter Khane (Hannah) Kovalski, in Parise. Subsequent details remain unknown.
Sources: Ershter altveltlekher yidisher kultur-kongres, 1937 (First world Jewish culture congress, 1937), report, pp. 346-62; D. Tsharni (Daniel Charney), in Tsukunft (New York) (January 1943); Y. Manitsh, in Yoyvl-bukh (Jubilee volume) (Paris, 1946); Shmuel Niger, Kidesh hashem (Sanctification of the name) (New York, 1947), pp. 462-68; Borvin-Frenkel, in Yoyvl oysgabe unzer shtime (Jubilee volume for Unzer shtime [Our voice]) (Paris, November 1955).